What is the climate of Madrid Spain?



The climate of Madrid is a Mediterranean climate, with hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters. Summers are generally dry and hot, with temperatures in the mid-80s Fahrenheit (30°C) during the day and lows in the mid-60s Fahrenheit (18°C) at night. Winters are cold and wet, with temperatures ranging from the mid-30s Fahrenheit (2°C) during the day and lows in the mid-20s Fahrenheit (-4°C) at night.

The wettest months are usually October, November, and December, with average precipitation of around 2-3 inches (50-70 mm) per month.

The most widespread climate classification is that Madrid presents a climate of transition between the Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification: Csa) and the cold semi-arid climate (BSk), with hot summers and relatively cool winters with somewhat frequent frosts (15 days have lows under 0 °C (32 °F) on average) and occasional snowfalls, with 3-4 snowy days on average.

Sunshine duration is 2,769 hours per year, from 124 (4 hours per day in average) in December to 359 (above 11.6 hours per day in average) in July.  This is one of the largest number of sunshine duration hours in Europe and this is a bit above average for the southern half of Europe because in this part of the continent, sunshine duration varies from about 2,000 to about 3,000 hours per year. However, this is 70% larger value than in northern half of Europe, where sunshine duration is around 1500 hours per year.

Madrid has on average only 63 precipitation days a year,  ranging from 2 days in July and August to 8 days in May. The average annual precipitation is less than 436 mm (17.87 inches), ranging from 10 mm (0.35 inch) in August to 56 mm in November and December.

Snow falls are occasional, happening only a few days per year. In January 1941 8 snow days were recorded, the most for any month.

Madrid enjoys one of the most optimal number of hours of daylight in Europe. Days in winter are not as short as in the northern part of the continent, the average hours of daylight in December, January and February is 10 hours



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